Arbor Offers Affordable Adoption Legal Services for Northern Virginia Families
Domestic Adoption

Domestic adoptions involve children born and adopted within the United States. Parents who select domestic adoption have more control over allowing some degree of contact between the adoptive family and the child's birth family after the adoption, as open adoptions are becoming more and more common in the U.S. An open adoption occurs when there is some form of contact allowed between the birth family and the adoptive family. While agreements for post-adoption contact are permissible in Virginia, any such agreement is not legally enforceable. In a closed adoption, there is no contact between the birth parents and the adoptive parents either before or after the child is placed. However, even if the adoption is closed, domestically adopted children may have an easier time locating their birth families after reaching adulthood, which could be a source of important medical information.

Domestic Adoptions sometimes allow for infant adoption.
Domestic adoptions are often accomplished through parental placement. “Parental placement” adoption is a legal category referring to the voluntary placement of a child, by the birth parents, into the legal and physical custody of selected adoptive parents. A birth mother may select an adoptive family for her child based on advertisements placed by a couple in a local paper, or by reviewing a profile of the adoptive parents posted on the Internet or through an agency. In other cases, the birth parents may be related to the adoptive parents, or have been introduced through relatives or other acquaintances.

Other domestic adoptions are accomplished through agency placement of a child with an adoptive family. Virginia grants licences to qualified adoption agencies to assist with the identification and placement of a child, and all parents interested in using an agency to facilitate an adoption should ensure the agency is qualified to operate in Virginia. Sometimes parental placement
Older children may also be a suitable match for adoptive families.
adoptions blend with agency adoptions, as the birth parents and adoptive parents can use a licensed agency to facilitate and manage a previously arranged adoption. Agencies are familiar with the processes, counseling requirements, and investigations required by Virginia, as well as the requirements under the Interstate Compact on the Placement of Children (ICPC) for transporting children across state lines. Domestic adoptions, like all adoptions, are governed by state law, and laws differ greatly from state to state. As adoptions often occur across state lines, the laws of both states will be involved.

In Northern Virginia, please contact The Arbor Law Firm for additional information on domestic adoption and attorney services, or to schedule an appointment to explore options for your family with a Virginia adoption lawyer.